Saturday, May 23, 2020

Daily Performance Of Efficient And Effective Professional...

DAILY PERFORMANCE OF EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATION COLLABORATIVELY AMONG DIVERSE COLLEAGUES AND SOCIETAL MEMBERS THAT FOSTERED RESPONSIVE METHODS OF VERBAL COMMUNICATION. REGULARLY, I WOULD ASSIST CREW MEMBERS WITH ELECTRONIC JOB TASK ENTRIES AND SUBMISSIONS OF TIME CARDS. ADDITIONALLY, I WOULD ELECTRONICALLY DOCUMENT ESSENTIAL INFORMATION REGARDING WORK INCIDENTS, COMPLAINTS AND OR POTENTIAL HAZARDS CONCERNING THE NECESSARY SUBJECTS. MOREOVER, IN A TIMELY MATTER I WOULD NOTIFY THE SUPERVISOR OF VITAL INFORMATION BY THE APPROPRIATE FORM OF VERBAL COMMUNICATION. ALSO, I WOULD PERSONALLY INFORM THE PUBLIC OF CURRENT AND OR SCHEDULED WORK PERFORMED IN THE IMMEDIATE AREA, AND UPON REQUEST PERSONALLY DEBRIEF RESIDENCE, WHO WERE DIRECTLY AFFECTED BY THE WORK DONE. EMERGENCY RESPONDER: IN THE EVENT OF AN IMMEDIATE EMERGENCY, I WOULD NOTIFY THE PROPER AUTHORITIES FOLLOWED BY THE SUPERVISOR AND ACCURETLY COMMUNICATE THE EVENTS THAT HAVE TRANSPIRED. WHEN NOT PHYSICALLY PRESENT FOR AN EMERGENCY SITUATION I WAS ONE OF THREE FIRST RESPONDERS TO VARIATIONS OF HAZARDOUS ROAD OBSTRUCTIONS SUCH AS, VEHICULAR ACCIDENTS, FLOODED AREAS, AND RUBBISH/DEPRI ACCOMPANIED WITH SAFE OPERATIONS OF THE NECESSARY EQUIPMENT AS ADVISED BY THE SUPERVISOR. Job Task FREQUENTLY, I PERFORMED ROUTINE DAILY SAFETY TAILGATE MEETINGS WITH COLLEAGUES TO IDENTIFY AND INCREASE THE AWARENESS OF ANY POTENTIAL JOB HAZARDS ALONG WITH DEVELOPING A CORRECTIVE PLAN. THEN, COLLABORATIVELY WE WOULDShow MoreRelatedImproving Communication Among Departments At An Organization1256 Words   |  6 PagesThe purpose for this assignment is to evaluate and improve communication among departments in an organization. As Chief Executive Officer (CEO), not only I have to make sure all the operations in the organization are running smoothly but to make sure the communication piece is running in that same way as well. It is important to make sure the information you are trying to addressed is fully understood by your staff while at the same time you listen what other people are trying to tell you and understandRead MoreI Am A Professional Engineer1136 Words   |  5 PagesIt is not easy to become a successful, professional engineer. A professional engineer requires high respo nsibility, especially problem-based solving skills to cope with workplace environment and compete with others. Problem-based learning (PBL) is really important to reflect the professional practice of engineers. There have been several definitions of PBL. According to Lizinger, Lattuca, Hadgraft and Newstetter (2011, p.134), PBL is the approach that allows learners to practice finding solutionsRead MoreHigh Levels Of Service, Ethics And Integrity Essay708 Words   |  3 PagesResults-driven executive with experience in building and leading motivated professional teams dedicated to highest levels of service, ethics and integrity. 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Introduction1527 Words   |  7 Pagesmultidisciplinary team meeting will be presented to identify the impact of different health care professionals such as a physiotherapist, an occupational therapist and a nurse have on a patient with complex need and how the patient receives the care needed due to the collaborative practice. In addition, a comparison between physiotherapy, occupational therapy and nursing practice will be outlined regarding professional regulation and both pre-registration and continuing education. Pollard et al (2010) arguesRead MoreCommunication and Hr Essay1567 Words   |  7 Pages4DEP (HR) Developing Yourself as an Effective Human Resources Practitioner By Susanne Collier 7th November 2011 Activity 1 Today Human Resources (HR) is at the centre of business performance. HR professionals have an important role to play in driving decisions that enable their organisations to thrive in both the short and the longer term. Where in the past the function delivered the fundamentals that underpinned the employee lifecycle (such as recruitment, induction and salary administration)Read MoreAn Effective Professional Nurse Leader1118 Words   |  5 PagesNursing Leadership As a nursing professional, being an effective professional nurse leader requires the ability to construct a plan, communicate, and create a vision with the staff members, while inspiring them to solve problems effectively. There are many leadership theories in which identify an individual behavioral trait of becoming an effective leader. The nurse leader must able to listen and collaborate with staff members regarding different issues as the problems arise in the work environmentRead MoreWhy Turnover Is Not Beneficial For Any Organization?1419 Words   |  6 PagesWhy Turnover is not Beneficial for any Organization? In any organization high employee turnover is not cost effective and is time consuming. The credibility of the organization might also be affected if employees do not stay for a good period of time working for them. A good reason employees may resign is being motivated by higher pay. No matter how much someone enjoys working for that organization if better pay is offered somewhere else they will more likely will end up leaving. Every organization

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Confucian Philosophy and Corporate Responsibility

Freedom devoid of responsibility would result in the collapse of the social network. It would cause strife among individuals, between individuals and society, and essentially would lead to the sacrifice of the future in order to fulfill short-term desires. Coming under much scrutiny for allegedly doing just this is today’s dominant institution, a legal establishment with pervasive influence on contemporary life: the modern corporate enterprise. We live in a world plagued with human exploitation and severe environmental degradation. Many would claim that behind this unfair and unsustainable global situation lies the profit-hungry hand of corporate power. Accused and often found criminally guilty in court of having enormous and often hidden†¦show more content†¦(Stevens. 114) Looking at the author of The Corporation Joel Bakan’s definition, there appears to be clear evidence of potentially harmful individualism in a corporation’s determined motives. A corporation is an institution with a unique structure and set of imperatives that direct the action of the people within it. It is also a legal institution, one whose existence and capacity to operate depend on the law. The corporation’s legally defined mandate is to pursue, relentlessly and without exception, its own self-interest, regardless of the often harmful consequences. (Bakan. 2) In truth, the publicly traded corporation has been widely criticized due to the fact that its responsibility rests exclusively with its shareholders as opposed to resting with society at large. The essential goal of a corporation as an institution is to create monetary wealth for those in communal possession of it. This leads, however, to another facet of the corporation in terms of Confucian philosophy. It could be said that a corporation is, in fact, a microcosmic reflection of a unified, collectivist whole. Much as Confucius defined the ideal Confucian monarchy as a reflection of the patriarchal family unit, (McGreal. 57) the corporation can also be seen as a cooperative organization, modeled after a collectivist monarchy. Confucius placed great value on unifying cultural ideals, and a corporation is undoubtedly a group concept with a common, unifying goal.Show MoreRelatedThe Influence of Confucianism on Chinese Culture Essays1742 Words   |  7 PagesThe Influence of Confucian Culture on Chinese Culture Introduction Confucian culture, also known as Confucianism, was founded by Confucius during the Spring and Autumn Period, which was developed gradually after the Han Dynasty with benevolence as the core. Since the Han Dynasty, Confucianism was the official ideology and the basis of mainstream ideology in the vast majority of historical periods of China, and it also influenced many southeast Asian countries in history. After a variety of shocksRead MoreMgt7019-1 Different Perspectives of Drucker, Friedman and Murphyy2385 Words   |  10 Pageswas to read three peer reviewed/scholarly journals and compare and contrast each author’s ethical perspective. The articles were: What is Business Ethics by Peter F. Drucker, 1981, The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits by Milton Friedman, 1970 and The Relevance of Responsibility to Ethical Business Decisions by Patrick E. Murphy, 2010. Ethical Perspectives of Friedman, Drucker and Murphy Peter F. Drucker is known as the man who inventedRead MoreComparing the Ethical Perspectives of Friedman, Drucker, and Murphy2658 Words   |  11 Pagesnotion of business ethics is that by engaging in acts of so-called social responsibility, a business manager actually assumes public roles or a legislative function because he or she places costs on the stakeholders, customers, or employees to apply the proceeds in a field of socially responsible causes. Friedman (1970) states this fact in the following words: Insofar as his actions in accord with his social responsibility reduce returns to stockholders, he is spending their money. Insofar as hisRead MoreNarrative Is The Root Of Some Fields1510 Words   |  7 Pagesbe utilized effectively for reflexives practices. In light of this notion, personal reflexive capabilities are a process of exposing or questioning our ways of doing. It is the method for individual through the mirror that has ability to take responsibility for their stories and their exploration, and the role of fact in lives. This essay will focus on how narratives may be reflexively used at different stages, especially history: culture and education, as a tool to access the frameworks. InRead MoreCauses of the Hyper Growth Phenomenon in China and Japan Essay1564 Words   |  7 Pagesmaintaining sustainability. Business Cultural Communication Unlike the western countries, Asian countries like Japan and China place their emphasis on teamwork and cooperation while western countries emphasis more on individual performance and responsibility. By understanding the different culture of different region will enable business to communicate more efficiently and effectively with people from other culture . In Japan and China, it is understood that the culture of business communicationRead MoreSamsung Case Study2712 Words   |  11 PagesMaintaining the â€Å"Single Samsung† Spirit: Recommendations for a changing environment Contents Introduction 1.a. Samsung: - Philosophy - Culture - Values - Human Resource Policies 1.b. Philosophical grounding of Samsung’s Value System: - Ontological Assumptions - Agency Assumptions - Epistemological Assumptions 2.a. Current Challenges facing Samsung’s NEO program: - A Changing Profile of New Samsung Employees Read MoreEssay Hrm Compare China, American and Japanese4939 Words   |  20 Pages Comparatively speaking, the United States is a corporate training for professional Career Design, because the enterprises not only teach the professional knowledge and skills required, but also focus on personal development, such as: personal health, welfare, employment adaptability and so on. United States, as the advanced capitalist country, he was the first country to propose the concept of human capital and invests a lot of energy in corporate training, The expenditures of the U.S. enterprisesRead MoreCritical Evaluation of the Classical Management Style2257 Words   |  10 Pagesa single design that would be applicable uniformly. The question of organizational design is ever since a topic of debate. â€Å"To what degree does an organization need to formally specify units and linkages, roles and authority lines, tasks and responsibilities to d eal with complexity? Modern organizations require structures that grant them flexibility they require to reconfigure roles, communication lines, processes, and learning patterns on the go.† (Luciana Silvestri. 2012). Criticism andRead MoreThe Role of Women in Japanese Society Essay4821 Words   |  20 Pagestheir families. Currently the position of women in Japanese society can be attributed to the vestiges of two old philosophies that of Confucianism and the Samurai. Not only has Japans’ society formed from these old vestiges it has also been formed by the influences of Buddhism. An example within Japanese society that shows the usage of these vestiges is how Japan barrowed Chinese Confucian heritage; a heritage where it is the value of the group over the value of an individual. Though still largely influentialRead MoreCorporate Culture in South Korea3805 Words   |  16 PagesThe Corporate Culture in South Korea Business in the XXI century is becoming more and more global, international; we find new partners in various, sometimes very exotic parts of the world. It is all possible thanks to the common language (assuming that everybody knows English), good and fast transportation and new ways of communication, like for example Internet. We are learning from each other and trying to adjust to new situations, although the differences are often much greater than just

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Evidence- Based Decision Making and Discovery Free Essays

There is a history of information that has been compiled by health care professionals and sets guidelines for decision making done by health care professionals today. I Research Methods I Qualitative and quantitative research are two selecting research methods seed by scientists to collect and analyze date. Quantitative research is focused and objective research based on mathematics. We will write a custom essay sample on Evidence- Based Decision Making and Discovery or any similar topic only for you Order Now Qualitative research looks at the whole picture, is subjective and collects data non-mathematically usually using symbolic representations. I Manuscript Organization I An organized manuscript allows the readers to understand and to be Informed of the Information In the easiest and clearest way possible. Manuscripts follow a general format that Includes an abstract, introduction, background, methodology, results and discussion, conclusions, acknowledgments, references, appendices, and tables and figures. The abstract is a summary of what the paper is about and discusses the processes and methods used. The introduction allows the reader to know what the paper is going to be about and why It Is important. The background fills the reader In on previous research and the study. Results and discussion is the part of the manuscript that discusses what the research found and what it means. The conclusion sums up the paper and recognizes advancements that have made because of the research done. The references portion of the paper is where all sources used are cited to give proper credit to publications that aided in the research. The appendices are additional methodologies that weren’t included in the main paper but are important. Tables are used to show large amounts of dare and figures show illustrations. I Patients need to be provided the best care by their health care providers. Two aspects of providing this type of care focuses on evidence-based decision making and effective business planning. Evidence is so important in scientific discovery. Scientific ideas are tested based on evidence. The acceptance or rejection of an idea is based on the evidence that it relevant, not based on an opinion, or tradition. In order to have a scientific coverer the idea must be testable and actually be tested; evidence is what is used to test the ideas. With no evidence to a scientific idea be rejected and a discovery will not occur. Effective business planning is also a key in the process of scientific discoveries. Business planning needs to be centered on the evidence. Qualitative and quantitative research are two scientific research methods used by scientists to collect and analyze date. Quantitative research is focused and objective research based on mathematics. Qualitative research looks at the whole picture, is subjective, and elects data non-mathematically usually using symbolic representations. This evidence that the researchers gather is needed so that a discovery can be done by proving and disproving different hypotheses. It that the research stays within the budget available and for this to be done effective business planning needs to be done as well. For the best care to be provided evidence-based decision making and business planning need to continue in order for advancements in the medical field to continue. There are numerous examples of evidenced based decision making and business planning throughout the history of the medical field. One example of a scientific discovery using evidence resulting from the experiment is Ernest Rutherford labs test to see if an atom’s positive mass is spread out diffusely by firing an alpha particle beam through a piece of gold foil (Caldwell, 2008). In this experiment the evidence showed that the majority of the alpha particles bounced back in the opposite direction as if they struck something dense. If the alpha particles were not dense then they would have passed through the foil, so the evidence showed that the atoms positive charge was actually dense and located in its core or nucleus. How to cite Evidence- Based Decision Making and Discovery, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Joan of Arc Essay Summary Example For Students

Joan of Arc Essay Summary Joan of ArcJoan of Arc by Nancy Wilson Ross in nineteen-hundred and fifty-three and published by Random House. Nancy Wilson Ross was born in Olympia Washington; she wrote many books on the early fifteenth century including Joan of Arc. Nancy Wilson Ross wrote of that Joan of Arc was a simple girl taken advantage of by a wimp of a prince/king who left her to be used and abandoned at the first sign of trouble; by those that she had helped the most. That Joan was divinely guided by her voices and manipulated by many to fit their will. Mrs. Ross starts off by showing the extreme challenge of getting to see the Prince Dauphin. In the beginning she was laughed at and told to go back to her family farm, as a mere girl they had no need of her. But Joan did not give up and she waited till the war had gone on for awhile and was not going well and then she tried again. Joan was finally allowed to go to see her Prince and tell him of her voices, but first she had to endure a verification of the origin of her voices and of her that took quite a while longer. Joan in the mean time grew anxious for the Prince and for France as her voices were urging her to hurry and help Prince Dauphin get crowned King of France and save her country from the English. After Joan is proven fit, she is finally allowed to meet her Prince and finds that he is a weak-willed individual that is not inclined to make any decisions, least of all to put forth the effort to go to Reims and be crowned the King of France. Joan does convince him into letting her go out into the battle fields and help lead the soldiers to a victory. Joan was fulfilling a prophecy that said that having been through a woman (the wicked plots of Dauphins Mother), would be restored by a girl from Lorraine. In battle Joan was smart and brave and gave the men hope that they could turn the war around. Joan dictated letters to the English generals that she did not want to hurt them and that they should go home, but they ignored her and she fought them till they turned and ran. Joan helped turn the tide to Frances advantage and then returned to Prince Dauphin to try to convince him to go to Reims and be crowned. After Joan made sure that the passage to Reims was safe, she returned to cour t to wait out and answer from Prince Dauphin. While waiting Joan the Maid is treated as a Lady of the Court, but she is anxious to see France united by having a crowned King to lead them. Mrs. Ross uses the times of wait to show how the Prince did not take serious the affairs of France or of the war, but only of his own comfort. Joan the maid finally convinces the Prince that he must make the decision that is the only hope for France and be crowned the King. Joan the maid travels with the Princes entourage to Reims with no mishap and finally gets to see her family that she has been away from for so long. But Joans voices are urging her to get her mission completed and to crown the King. Joan accomplishes the crowning of the King in less then twenty-four hours of arriving in Reims. After the crowning of the King, Mrs. Ross reminds us how much Joan is set in the wings by the King until he has no choice but to let her do as her voices bid her. The new King would rather show Joan the Maid off than to listen to what she is trying to tell him about the war. Joan the Maid is kept at court for to long, she is allowed to rejoin the men fighting for the unity of France. Joan is not as lucky this time and is captured by the Burgundian soldiers, and even though she had fought a brave fight she was now a captive of war. Mrs. Ross illustrates how of all the people that Joan the Maid has befriended and helped especially the King, no one came to Joans rescue or even tried to ransom her back; it was as though she was of no more use they just let her to her own fate. Joan was put to trial as a witch and first she confessed that she was what ever they wanted her to be so that she could be at peace, but she could not live with a lie. In the end the trial branded her a witch for t he same voices that had crowned a King of France and turned the war around and she was tied to a stake and set on fire while everyone watched and cheered. Mrs. Ross completes her wonderful book, by completing her point that this was a gift that was used, abused, and finally honored in the end. In the end twenty-five years after Joan of Arcs horrible death her family petitioned the Pope as the head of the Church and he re-tried Joans case. They finally allowed the voices of the people that Joan had known and helped to be heard, all but the King who never spoke out on her behalf. 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I would recommend that everyone read her books.

Thursday, March 26, 2020

The school of Athens

School of Athens is a piece of fresco done by Raphael within the period of 1509 and 1511 at the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City (Munn 67). This is one of the most philosophical frescoes done during this era. Raphael was known as a philosopher. During his era, the society was heavily influenced by the works of such philosophers as Plato and Aristotle. He was known to be a follower of the principles that were brought forth by these great philosophers.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The school of Athens specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He was known to be one of the greatest painters in Italy, and most of his paintings would reflect a given message. Being an artist, he used his art to pass messages that he considered the society should know whenever he embarked on his work. The School of Athens, otherwise known as Scuola di Atene was done with a lot of accuracy and a concerted effort was put to ensure that the imag es were as clear as they could possibly be. The background of this fresco clearly demonstrates the Renaissance period in Italy. Raphael was reflecting on an era that characterized emergence of modernism in Italy. The background of this picture depicts the cultural change that was taking shape very rapidly in Italy during the period between 14th and 16th centuries. That was a transitional period between Medieval and the Modern Europe. Italy, and Europe at large, was experiencing a rebirth, and new systems were being put in place to which reflected this transition (Raffaele 98). The society was first learning towards the renaissance that was propelled by the Greek’s philosophers. This is clearly demonstrated in this fresco done by this particular artist. The setting of the School of Athens may bring a lot of debate given the shape that Raphael has given it. One may argue that the setting of this fresco has a setting of a church. This was as a typical shape of a church. However, there are a number of factors that rules out the possibility of this being a church (Hall 78). This therefore, leaves the possibility of this being a palace. The ornaments on the floor, the decorations of the walls and the general atmosphere of the place leave no doubt of this setting being in a palace. The royalty of this place and the people in this place is convincing that this is a palace. The setting of this place can also be considered in the context of the time in which this painting could have been made. This painting gives the context of the time of renaissance when several philosophers and scientists would come together in royal palace or conferences to discuss issues that concerned nature and the society in general. The painting gives the impression that this is a conference where the king would meet with his top advisers and other intellectuals trying to define the future of the kingdom.Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The characters used in this fresco are symbolic of how most kingdoms were run. Most kingdoms during this era heavily depended on advisors who could help them define the leadership of their nations. This is because most of the characters are some of the renowned philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. In the painting are also some of the best solders of a lifetime like Alexander the Great. Scientists like Pythagoras and Archimedes can also be seen. References Hall, Marcia. Raphael’s â€Å"school of Athens†. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Print. Munn, Mark. The School of History: Athens in the Age of Socrates. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002. Print. Raffaele, Top of FormFlorio. The School of Athens: How the Humanities Can Help Revive the Great Conversation. New York: Cengage, 2006. Print. This essay on The school of Athens was written and submitted by user Puck to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 6, 2020

To Conquer Fear an Essay on the Short Story First Confession Essay Example

To Conquer Fear an Essay on the Short Story First Confession Essay Example To Conquer Fear an Essay on the Short Story First Confession Paper To Conquer Fear an Essay on the Short Story First Confession Paper To Conquer Fear In the short story, â€Å"First Confession,† by Frank O’Connor, a young boy named Jackie finds himself having to conquer his fear of giving his first confession. He realizes by the end that he really had nothing to be afraid of and it was a silly fear. Jackie, scared to death of confession, tries to fake an illness to avoid it, ends up surprising the priest when he does go, and learns that ultimately, perception is scarier than reality. Although it doesn’t seem like it at first, the reader and Jackie learn that in order to conquer fear, one must face it. Jackie, a young seven year old has been told stories by a woman named Mrs. Ryan that really worry him. One story is about a man who gives a bad confession and essentially eternally burns in hell. Mrs. Ryan also tries to give Jackie and the others a sense of what hell is like: â€Å"She lit a candle, took out a new half-crown, and offered it to the first boy who would hold one finger in the flame for five minutes Then she asked were we afraid of holding one finger in a little flame for five minutes and not afraid of burning all over in roasting hot furnaces for all eternity† (O’Connor 26). When Mrs. Ryan tells stories and plays mind games like this, she’s basically scaring the children into giving a good, complete. However, with Jackie, this is too much, and he is frightened even more that he’ll mess up accidentally and go to hell. Instead of conquering his fear, he runs from it. The day confession comes around doesn’t go. He says, â€Å"I was scared to death of confession. The day the whole class went I let on to have a toothache, hoping my absence wouldn’t be noticed† (27). Mrs. Ryan has done her job well, to the point where Jackie is worried beyond belief. He decides to fake sick so as not to go, but as readers later find, this idea comes back to haunt him. If he had originally gone and faced his fear, the ordeal would already be over. Like many children, Jackie finds it easier to avoid the fears in life rather than confront them. This, however, is not a successful way to live. Since Jackie doesn’t go to confession with his classmates, he receives an order to go alone with his sister. As Jackie enters his church, it’s as if all his worst nightmares are becoming a reality and he’s leaving anything he ever loved: â€Å"The door hut behind me, the sunlight went out and gave place to deep shadow, and the wind whistled outside so that the silence within seemed to crackle like ice under my feet† (28). This imagery shows how even though Jackie is finally beginning to conquer his fear of confession, it’s like a descent into hell. As he walks into the church everything becomes gloomy, creepy, and ominous. This shows how the process of overcoming his trepidation is difficult even though in the long run it will be worthwhile. Once Jackie is in the confessional, he talks too quietly for the priest to hear and everything continues to get worse: â€Å"It was matter between God and me, and He had all the odds† (29). Jackie is facing his fears and so far he’s failing miserably. Of course, if he had not avoided confession in the first place, he would not be struggling. It’s not until the very end of the story that Jackie realizes how beneficial it is to face your fear. Once Jackie and the priest are settled, Jackie slowly begins to open up to the priest and feels more comfortable. The priest makes Jackie feel welcome: â€Å"Feeling I might as well get it over while I had him [priest] in good humour, ‘I had it all arranged to kill my grandmother†¦ I tried to kill Nora too’† (32). Readers finally understand why Jackie is so afraid of confession. Firstly, he didn’t know what would happen if he told and secondly, he was worried if he didn’t tell about his plan to kill his grandmother he’d go to hell. However, the priest only gives Jackie three Hail Mary’s, a small consequence, and it makes him feel like he did the right thing; suddenly it’s all worth it. By the time Jackie leaves he has a complete change of heart. Jackie says, â€Å"He had me there for a full 10 minutes talking†¦ I was genuinely sorry to part with him, because he was the most entertaining character I’d ever met in the religious line. Outside†¦ the sunlight was like the roaring of waves on a beach; it dazzled me† (33). Jackie realizes that there really was nothing to be worried about. The priest knows how to take care of him. When he walks outside again, the imagery changes from gloomy to overjoyed. Jackie is relieved because his burden of the idea of killing his grandma has been lifted and his fears have been subdued. Readers now see that this trepidation that was haunting Jackie has been lifted because he faced it; he didn’t hide from it. In â€Å"First Confession† by Frank O’Connor, readers are shown that facing fears can only help, not hurt. Jackie is excellent proof of this because although he was terrified at first of confession, he ends up finding it enjoyable and relieving. Readers learn that fear itself can be worse than the actual event.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Law in Equity and Trust regarding Charities Essay

Law in Equity and Trust regarding Charities - Essay Example It has a specific legal meaning; the Charities Act 1993 describes a charity as: "Any institution, corporate or not, which is established for charitable purposes and is subject to the control of the High Court in the exercise of the Court's jurisdiction with respect to charities.": s96(1) This tautologous explanation gets us no further, other than to observe that it is the Courts who determine what 'charitable purposes' means according to current legislation and that an organisation cannot be registered as a charity by the Charities Commission if it has been set up under the laws of a foreign country which for these purposes include Scotland, Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man, or the Channel Islands. Overall this description in itself is unsatisfactory since it promotes uncertainty, and where there is uncertainty in the law there will be litigation. Whilst on the face of it the definition of what a charity is should be found in the Charities Act, the Courts actually refer to the Charitable Uses Act 16011 to determine the definition of a charity, despite the fact that this legislation has been repealed. The Courts follow the 'spirit and intention' of the 1601 Act and the definition of 'charity' has been developed through statutory interpretation and case law precedent arising predominantly from disputes over wills, taxation status and/or challenges against decisions made by the Attorney General on behalf of the Charities Commission. Examining the case law suggests that organizations will be recognized as charitable if they have the following characteristics: The trust must have a charitable character The trust must be exclusively charitable The trust must (on balance) be beneficial The trust must benefit the public The trust must not distribute a profit Charitable Character Lord MacNaughten in Income Tax Special Purposes Commisoners v Pemsel [1891] identified four divisions of charitable purposes namely; 1) The relief of poverty; 2) The advancement of education; 3) The advancement of religion; and 4) Other purposes beneficial to the community. Exclusively Charitable All the purposes to which a trust may use its assets must be charitable. The classic case was Maurice v Bishop of Durham [1805]. That particular trust failed since it was expressed to be for charitable or benevolent' purposes, and not everything that is benevolent' is recognized as charitable in English law. Beneficial There is a presumption that charities which fall under the poverty, education or religious objects are beneficial. In the past the Courts generally sought to find an analogy between the purpose of the proposed charity and the 1601 Act: Williams Trustees v IRC [1947]. More recently the cases have also sought analogies with decided cases. For example in Scottish Burial Reform & Cremation Society v Glasgow Corporation [1968] it was held that the promotion of low cost cadaver disposal (cremation) as it was of benefit to the community, within the 'spirit and intendment'' of the Charitable Uses Act 1601 and analogous to other charities that had themselves been deemed to be analogous to charities in that list. Public Benefit Charities are distinguished from Private Purpose Trusts - which benefit named individuals - and Discretionary Trusts, which